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The Olympic Games (OI) (Greek: Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες, French: Jeux Olympiques) are a set of international sports competitions in various disciplines that are divided into summer and winter. Both the Winter and Summer Olympics are held every four years. Until 1992, they were held in the same year, and since then they have been held alternately, every two years. They are sometimes mistakenly called the Olympics, as the period between the two Olympic Games was called in ancient Greece, so that the beginning of one Olympic Games means the beginning of the Olympics, and that Olympics lasts until the beginning of the next Olympic Games, which starts the next Olympics, etc. The correct and official name of some Olympic Games, e.g. specifically the 2012 Games in London reads: “XXX Olympics Games”. The 2012 Summer Olympics in London are in fact not the 30th Olympic Games (from Athens in 1896 until today) – which have been held – but “only” 27 because the VI, XII and XIII Games. The Olympics of the modern age, which were supposed to be held in Berlin in 1916, Helsinki in 1940 and London in 1944 due to the First or Second World War, were not held.
It is believed that the ancient Olympic Games were first held in 776 BCE. in Olympia, Greece, and lasted until 393 CE. e. Initially, they were held only in ancient Greece, and were revived in the late 19th century by the French Baron Pierre de Coubertin. At his suggestion, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was established in Paris on June 23, 1894, and the first president of that body was the Greek Demetrios Vikelas. These games, ie the “First Olympic Games of the modern age”, were held in 1896 in Athens, and have been held every four years since then. The exception was during the First and Second World Wars. The first Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France, in 1924.

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